Types of Cyber Attacks One Should Be Aware of in 2022


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What is a Cyber Attack?

Cybersecurity has suffered as a result of the COVID-19 incident. The frequency of cyberattacks have significantly increased during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to Interpol and WHO.

After learning what a cyberattack is, let’s examine the many sorts of attacks.

Types of Cyber Attacks

Phishing Attack

Unaware of this, the victim opens the email and either opens the attachment or clicks on the malicious link. Attackers can access private data and login passwords this way. A phishing attack also allows for the installation of malware.

The following things can be taken to avoid phishing attacks:

  • Examine the emails you get carefully. Most phishing emails contain serious issues like spelling faults and format differences from those from reliable sources.
  • Use a toolbar that detects phishing attempts.
  • Regularly change the passwords.

Insider Threat

Small organizations are particularly vulnerable to insider threats because their employees frequently access sensitive data. There are several causes for this kind of attack, including avarice, malice, and even negligence. Insider threats are tricky because they are difficult to predict.

To avoid an insider threat attack:

  • A strong security awareness culture should exist within organizations.
  • Companies must restrict staff access to IT resources depending on their employment functions.
  • Employers must train their staff to recognize insider risks. Employees will be better able to recognize whether a hacker has tampered with or is attempting to misuse the organization’s data.


Access is achieved by infecting a website or tricking the victim into clicking on a malicious link. For this, they also use JavaScript-coded internet advertisements. Since the Crypto mining code operates in the background, the only indication a victim might see is a delay in execution.

By taking the actions listed below, cryptojacking can be avoided:

  • Update all of the security software and programs since cryptojacking can infect even the least secure systems.
  • Provide staff with training on cryptojacking awareness; this will enable them to recognize dangers.

SQL Injection Attack

By gaining access to the databases’ tables, the attacker is able to view, modify, and remove them. Attackers now have the opportunity to obtain administrative rights.

Defend against a SQL injection attack by:

  • Utilize an intrusion detection system, as they are made to identify unwanted network access.
  • Validate the information that the user has provided. By using a validation procedure, it controls user input.

Denial-of-Service Attack

When this occurs, the servers get overburdened with serving incoming requests, which causes the website it hosts to either go down or slow down. The valid service requests go unattended as a result.

When attackers employ numerous hacked systems to initiate this attack is sometimes referred to as a DDoS (Distributed Denial-of-Service) attack.

Now let’s examine how to stop a DDoS attack:

  • Analyze the traffic to find malicious traffic.
  • Recognize the warning signs, such as network lag and sporadic website outages. In such situations, the organization needs to act right away.
  • Ensure the team and datacenter are prepared to manage a DDoS attack by creating an incident response strategy, keeping a checklist, and more.
  • Contract with cloud-based service providers to prevent DDoS.

Malware Attack

The trojan infection poses as trustworthy software. Spyware is software that secretly steals all of the private information, whereas ransomware locks down access to the network’s essential parts. Adware is software that shows advertising information on a user’s screen, such as banners.

Malware enters a network by exploiting a weakness. When a user visits a risky link, downloads an email attachment, or uses a pen drive that has been infected.

Now let’s examine how to stop a malware attack:

  • Implement antivirus software. The PC can be protected from malware using this. Some of the well-known antivirus programs include McAfee, Norton, and Avast.
  • Regularly update the operating system and browsers.


The target of a ransomware assault downloads the malicious software, typically from a website or an email attachment. The malware exploits flaws that neither the system’s creator nor the IT staff has fixed. The ransomware then encrypts the target’s workstation. Ransomware can occasionally target several parties by preventing access to several machines or a central server necessary for company activities.

Ransomware attack prevention includes:

IoT-Based Attacks

IoT attack prevention includes:




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